In the USA approximately 1.3 billion USD is spent on procedures and products designed to treat hair loss. Hair loss primarily affects men in the form of male pattern baldness (also known as androgenic alopecia). Androgenic alopecia is the most common form of hair loss. Androgenic alopecia also affects women, and in these instances it is referred to as female pattern baldness.

Given the vast sums of money being spent on the treatment of hair loss it is easy to ascertain that it is a major concern for many Americans, and for many individuals worldwide. Hair loss can cause much distress in the lives of individuals who experience it. Two thirds of American men experience hair loss by the age of 35, and 95% of this hair loss is caused by Androgenic alopecia. 12% of women report symptoms of female pattern baldness by age 35.

What causes Hair loss due to androgenic alopecia?

Androgenic alopecia is caused by the hormone dihydrotestosterone. Dihydrotestosterone also called DHT, is formed by the 5alpha-reduction of testosterone. DHT plays a critical role in the shrinkage of hair follicles affected by male pattern baldness. The enzyme 5-alpha-reductase reacts with testosterone, converting it to DHT. Men who are experiencing male pattern baldness tend to have higher levels of DHT than men who have no signs of male pattern baldness. Women who experience female pattern baldness in adulthood often report a decrease in the severity of hair loss when taking antiandrogens like propecia, this suggests that DHT may also play a role in female pattern baldness in many instances.


There are numerous treatments, and procedures for male pattern baldness. These treatments include Rogaine, propecia, hair transplants, etc. One commonly overlooked treatment is astaxanthin. Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant that can slow down the degradation of testosterone to DHT.

Astaxanthin can be found in microalgae, salmon, trout, krill, shrimp, crayfish and crustaceans. Astaxanthin has also been isolation for easy consumption via supplements.

Astaxanthin is a carotenoid, but unlike most other carotenoids it is not converted to vitamin A in the body. Astaxanthin like other carotenoids is absorbed in a rate limited manner. This means that consuming an excessive amount of astaxanthin has no known toxic effects. Astaxanthin is fat soluble.

Astaxanthin’s ability to slow down the rate at which testosterone is converted to DHT can help slow down, and even reverse follicular atrophy. Astaxanthin is one of the best supplements available for the treatment of hair loss caused by androgenic alopecia that can be taken orally, and with a prescription. For more information on other benefits associated with astaxanthin please view the videos below. I have also provided a link to 1 of the best astaxanthin supplements.